Berlin | November 2006

In 2006, following five conferences in New York, Shanghai, London , Mexico City, and Johannesburg, the Urban Age hosted a summit in Berlin to confront the statistics and the impressions built upon two years of research, conversation and debate. As Deyan Sudjic wrote then, the city is a complex interaction of issues and ambitions that are shaped by the everyday choices of its citizens as much as by their political leaders, and their officials. But given the costs and obligations that come with the privileges of urban life, a city is also a test of the limits of the power of persuasion, as opposed to compulsion. And in the end, a genuine city can only be about the persuasion and not the compulsion.